82 Questions to Ask a CISO

A CISO or Chief Information Security Officer is responsible for developing and implementing an information security program. They are also responsible for identifying and managing risks to the organization’s information assets. In short, they are the ones who keep your company’s data secure.

If you are thinking about hiring a CISO, or if you are already working with one, you may be curious about what their responsibilities are. Below are questions to ask a CISO so you can get a better understanding of the role they play in keeping your company’s data secure.

68 Questions to ask a CISO:

  1. What is your role within the organization?
  2. What are your main responsibilities?
  3. How has the role of the CISO evolved?
  4. What led you to your current position?
  5. What is the biggest challenge in your work?
  6. What are your favorite aspects of the job?
  7. What are the most valuable assets of the organization?
  8. What are the organization’s critical systems and data?
  9. How is the cybersecurity program structured?
  10. Who are the members of the cybersecurity team?
  11. How are they trained and certified?
  12. How often do they meet?
  13. What is your approach to cybersecurity?
  14. What are the biggest cybersecurity threats you currently face?
  15. What are your top priorities when it comes to cybersecurity?
  16. How do you prioritize and manage risk?
  17. How do you allocate resources within your team?
  18. How do you measure the effectiveness of your team and individual members?
  19. What are your thoughts on incident response?
  20. How do you plan for and deal with disasters?
  21. Do you outsource any of your company’s IT or security functions? If so, how is this managed?
  22. Which vendors do you use for cybersecurity products and services?
  23. How do you secure your data in the event of a cyberattack or data loss?
  24. What is your company’s policy for employee BYOD devices?
  25. What policies and procedures do you have in place to prevent and respond to cyberattacks?
  26. Do you have experience with an incident response or disaster recovery?
  27. Do you have a preferred method for communicating with stakeholders during an incident?
  28. How do you handle communication with the media during an incident?
  29. What are your thoughts on information sharing between organizations?
  30. What values does your company have that need to be protected?
  31. How do you identify risks to these assets?
  32. How do you prioritize which risks need to be addressed first?
  33. What budget do you have available for cybersecurity initiatives?
  34. How do you test your security defenses to ensure they are effective?
  35. How often do you review and update your security policies and procedures?
  36. How do you train your employees on cybersecurity risks and best practices?
  37. What are your thoughts on encryption?
  38. What role does encryption play in your company’s cybersecurity strategy?
  39. What role does education play in your company’s cybersecurity strategy?
  40. What role do you think technology plays in cybersecurity?
  41. What authentication methods do you prefer?
  42. How do you think about access control and how do you manage it?
  43. What procedures do you have in place to monitor suspicious activity?
  44. What are the biggest challenges you face when it comes to protecting your company’s data?
  45. Have there been any breaches of your company’s data protection policies in the past? If so, how were these handled?
  46. Are there any compliance requirements that must be met when protecting your company’s data?
  47. What kind of training do your employees receive when it comes to cybersecurity best practices?
  48. Do you have any incident response plans in place in case of a security breach?
  49. Who has access to your company’s confidential data?
  50. How is this access controlled and monitored?
  51. What kind of policies and procedures do you have in place for handling and storing data?
  52. Are there third-party vendors that have access to your company’s data? If so, how is that access managed and monitored?
  53. How do you keep up with new threats and trends in the cybersecurity landscape?
  54. Who makes the decisions about which security solutions to implement in your company?
  55. Can you describe an event where you identified and successfully fixed a serious security vulnerability?
  56. What are some of the most successful initiatives you have implemented in your role as CISO?
  57. What lessons have you learned from failures or challenges you have encountered in your role as CISO?
  58. What methods do you use to keep up with the latest trends and developments in information security?
  59. What solutions do you think are important to keep our data secure?
  60. Have you ever had to organize an incident response? If so, can you tell us about it?
  61. How do you raise awareness of cybersecurity risks within your organization?
  62. What do you think about the role of AI and machine learning in cybersecurity?
  63. Do you think cybersecurity is a board-level issue? Why or why not?
  64. What advice would you give to other CISOs just stepping into their roles?
  65. What are your thoughts on the current state of cybersecurity?
  66. How do you think the landscape will change in the next 5-10 years?
  67. How important is it to work with a managed IT services provider when it comes to cybersecurity?
  68. What are some benefits of working with a managed IT service provider when it comes to cybersecurity?

14 Questions to ask when hiring a CISO for your company:

  1. What is your background in information security?
  2. What do you think is the most important quality for someone in this position?
  3. What information security challenges have you encountered in your previous roles?
  4. How did you overcome these challenges?
  5. What is your experience in the field of cybersecurity?
  6. What experience do you have in developing and implementing security programs?
  7. What experience do you have with risk management?
  8. Do you have experience with our specific industry and its compliance requirements?
  9. Do you have experience managing a team of information security professionals?
  10. If so, how many people were on your team, and what was your supervision style?
  11. Do you have experience developing and implementing information security policies and procedures?
  12. Can you provide examples of policies or procedures you have written in the past?
  13. Why are you interested in this particular opportunity?
  14. Can you give us an example of how you would communicate an incident to upper management?

Frequently Asked Questions

What skills should a CISO have?

A CISO should have a variety of skills, including technical expertise, communication and leadership skills, and business acumen. They should be able to understand complex technical information and translate it in a way that non-technical stakeholders can understand, and they should be able to lead and motivate their team. They should also be able to work effectively with other parts of the organization, such as the executive team and the board.

What is the CISO’s role in risk management?

The CISO’s role in risk management is to ensure that the organization’s computer systems and data are protected from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, alteration, or destruction. The CISO is responsible for developing and implementing a security program that meets the needs of the organization and ensuring that the security program is effectively managed and monitored.

What makes a good CISO?

A good CISO is someone who can think strategically and has in-depth knowledge of information security. They need to be able to identify risks and vulnerabilities and develop plans to mitigate them. They must also be able to communicate effectively with stakeholders, manage teams and keep up with ever-changing technologies.


It’s important for businesses to ask their CISO cybersecurity questions to better understand how to protect their data from cyberattacks. By asking these questions, you will be able to gain valuable insight into the world of cybersecurity and how you can better protect your business from online threats.

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