What Is an Epilogue? Definition & 20+ Examples

Have you ever felt a sense of longing after turning the last page of a novel, yearning for just a bit more of the story? That’s where the magic of an epilogue comes into play. It’s like the final encore at a concert, the extra scene after the movie credits, or the lingering aftertaste of fine wine.

An epilogue is an invitation to spend a few more precious moments in the world you’ve come to love, offering closure, insights, and, sometimes, a tantalizing hint of more to come.

Dive in, and let’s explore the fascinating realm of the epilogue!

Defining Epilogue

An epilogue, derived from the Greek word “epilogos” meaning “conclusion word,” is a literary device that serves as the final section of a creative piece, typically found in the literature but also present in other forms of media such as films or plays.

Written separately from the main body of the work and generally set apart by a significant temporal or spatial leap, it concludes the narrative journey, drawing the curtain on the storyline. Although it varies in length and content, the epilogue traditionally follows the climax and the falling action of the plot.

It provides a distinct postscript to the principal narrative, encapsulating the aftermath or offering additional remarks from the author’s perspective. In essence, an epilogue is the closing statement that wraps up the narrative world.

Epilogue vs. Prologue

When writing a story, you might consider including an epilogue or a prologue to add context or to wrap up loose ends. But how do you know which one to use, and what are the differences between them?

A prologue is a section found at the beginning of a book or story, intended to provide important background information or set the stage for the main narrative. While reading a prologue, you familiarize yourself with the characters, the setting, or crucial events that took place before the plot begins. This helps you better understand why certain events happen as they unfold in the story.

On the other hand, an epilogue can be found at the end of a book or story and serves to provide closure or follow-up on the lives of the characters after the main events have concluded.

An epilogue might reveal what happens to the characters in the future, explain how their lives were affected by the story’s events, or tie up loose ends that were left unresolved in the main narrative. It allows you to gain insight into the long-term impact of the events and to feel a sense of completion knowing how things turn out for the characters.

While both prologues and epilogues can be useful tools to enrich your writing, be mindful of their purpose and placement in your story; remember that a prologue should be concise and focused, providing only essential information to prepare the reader for the main plot.

Avoid overwhelming them with too much detail or extraneous backstory. Similarly, make sure your epilogue is brief and relevant, supplying resolution without introducing unnecessary new information or dragging on the conclusion.

Epilogue vs. Afterword

When writing a book or a story, you may come across terms like epilogue and afterword. It’s important to understand the difference between these two narrative elements, as they serve distinct purposes for both the author and the reader.

An epilogue is a section found at the end of a book, which typically wraps up the story’s plot, provides closure, or offers a glimpse into the characters’ future after the main events have concluded. This is essential if you want to give readers an idea of how things end up for your characters or if you want to set the stage for a sequel or related work.

On the other hand, an afterword is a section written by the author, or sometimes by another contributor, and is intended to provide context or additional insight into the book’s creation, themes, or historical background.

Unlike an epilogue, an afterword does not delve into the narrative’s development or continuation but aims to enhance the reader’s understanding of the author’s intent, process, or inspirations.

Here are some key differences between an epilogue and an afterword:

ContentEpilogues are a part of the fictional story.Afterwords focus on the author’s intent or the book’s context.
PurposeEpilogues provide closure or continuation of the story.Afterwords offer insights or additional information.
AuthorshipEpilogues are always written by the author of the main story.Afterwords can be written by the author or another contributor.

When deciding whether to include an epilogue or an afterword in your writing, consider your primary goal. If you want to present narrative closure or set up a sequel, an epilogue might be more suitable. If you want to share your thoughts on the book’s creation or themes with your readers, an afterword would be a better choice.

Remember, you can always include both, as they each serve different purposes and can complement one another to enhance the reader’s experience.

Origin of Epilogue

The concept of an epilogue can be traced back to the ancient Greeks, who typically used it as a formal speech delivered by a principal character at the end of a play. This practice was meant to address the audience directly and provide closure and moral insight.

As you explore the evolution of epilogues, you’ll find that they adapted to various literary forms over time. In the European Renaissance period, playwrights such as Shakespeare often used epilogues in their plays to summarize the story and deliver a final message to the audience. This offered an opportunity to emphasize the themes and lessons of the narrative.

In more recent times, epilogues have become a popular storytelling device in novels. They allow authors to offer readers a glimpse into the future of the characters beyond the main narrative, wrap up any loose ends, or provide a sense of closure for a series.

Authors may also utilize epilogues as a way to establish a connection to a sequel or related work. This ensures continuity between works and can revive interest in a story’s subject matter.

Looking at the different forms that epilogues have taken throughout history, it is clear that their purpose and impact on readers have evolved over time.

However, the underlying principle remains: to provide additional insight and closure to a narrative, allowing audiences to appreciate and understand the story they have just experienced fully.

Functions of Epilogue

Epilogue Serves as A Final Curtain

When you read a book or watch a movie, the epilogue serves as a final curtain, signaling the end of the story. It gives you a sense of closure by wrapping up the loose ends and lingering questions. You can appreciate how the story and characters have evolved throughout the narrative.

Epilogue Provides Glimpses Into the Future

An epilogue can help you understand the aftermath of the story, showing how the characters’ lives have changed or how the world has been affected by the events that transpired. It offers you glimpses into the future, satisfying your curiosity about what becomes of the protagonists and other key players.

Epilogue Amplifies the Moral or Message

In your reading, you might discover that epilogues often emphasize the moral or message of the story. You can see how it reinforces the central themes, making them resonate with you even deeper. It allows you to reflect on the significance of the story and what you can learn from it.

Epilogue Sets the Stage for Sequels

As a reader, you might be left craving more when a story concludes. In some cases, authors use epilogues to hint at potential sequels and upcoming installments. By including clues and hooks, you’re left wanting more, eagerly anticipating the next chapter in the series.

Epilogue Creates a Reflective Ambience

An epilogue allows you to take a step back and view the story from a more reflective lens. It can highlight the passage of time, the transformations of characters, and the consequences of their actions. You’re given a chance to look back on the journey, appreciate its twists and turns, and find a sense of closure.

Characteristics of Epilogue

Epilogue Features a Temporal Leap

An essential characteristic of an epilogue is the temporal leap. It occurs after the main events in your story, sometimes even years later. This allows you to show the long-term effects of the story’s resolution on your characters and their world.

Epilogue Often Alters Narrative Perspective

Epilogues often change the narrative perspective, providing fresh insights into your characters and their actions. Another common practice is to introduce an outsider’s point of view, allowing your reader to examine the story and its characters through new lenses.

Epilogue Maintains an Optional Nature

As a writer, you decide whether to include an epilogue in your work. While it can enhance the story’s conclusion, it is not necessary. This optional nature provides you with the flexibility to determine the extent to which you wish to tie up loose ends and offer closure.

Epilogue Centers Around Resolution

The primary purpose of an epilogue is to center around the story’s resolution. Your epilogue should focus on solidifying the outcomes and consequences of your story, revealing the fates of the characters and the state of their world. This enables you to create a complete and satisfying ending for your reader.

Epilogue Harnesses Emotional Impact

An effective epilogue can harness an emotional impact on your reader. Utilizing the power of storytelling, you can evoke feelings of happiness, sadness, or nostalgia and leave a lasting impression on your reader’s mind.

Remember to weave emotions seamlessly into your epilogue to provide a vivid and memorable closure to your story.

Types of Epilogue

Narrative Epilogue

A narrative epilogue is typically used to wrap up loose ends of the story by providing an overview of the character’s lives after the main events have concluded. This type can offer you a sense of closure and help you better understand the characters’ journeys.

Reflective Epilogue

A reflective epilogue allows you to delve deeper into the themes and ideas of the story through a character’s introspection or reflection. This type can encourage you as a reader to think critically about the narrative and how it relates to broader societal issues or philosophies.

Teaser Epilogue

A teaser epilogue is primarily used to entice you to read the next installment or to keep you engaged with the story or characters. This type usually includes hints or cliffhangers about future events, making you curious about what might happen next.

Thematic Epilogue

A thematic epilogue emphasizes the story’s key themes and moral messages by revisiting them one last time. As a reader, you can appreciate how the narrative’s themes have developed throughout the story and reflect on their significance.

Documentary Epilogue

A documentary epilogue takes a more factual approach, providing additional information and context about the story’s settings, real-life events, or historical figures. This type allows you to gain a deeper understanding of the narrative and its connections to actual events or people.

Elements of Epilogue

Temporal Shift

In an epilogue, there is often a temporal shift from the main events of the story. This can range from months to years, offering you a glimpse into the future of the characters and their world. The events in the epilogue provide closure and resolution, which are essential for a satisfying ending.


One of the main purposes of an epilogue is to provide resolution for the characters and their storylines. As you read, you’ll see how the loose ends are tied up and lingering questions are answered. This allows you to leave the story with a sense of completeness as the characters’ arcs are concluded.

Character Development

An epilogue can show the continued development of characters after the main story has ended. Through this section, you gain insight into how the characters have grown or changed as a result of the events that occurred earlier in the narrative. This can help solidify your connection with the characters and understand their final trajectories.

Narrative Perspective

Epilogues can offer a change in narrative perspective, giving you a fresh perspective on the story and its characters. For example, an epilogue might switch from a first-person to a third-person point of view to provide a broader understanding of the story’s outcome. This shift can enhance the overall impact of the narrative.


In some cases, an epilogue may contain elements of foreshadowing for a potential sequel or a continuation of the story in some form.

This can keep you engaged and intrigued, prompting you to think about what might happen next in the characters’ lives or how their world may continue to evolve. By doing so, the epilogue adds another layer of depth to the narrative.

Examples of Epilogue in Literature


"1984" by George Orwell

In the epilogue of this dystopian novel, you learn about Newspeak, the controlled language of Oceania, and its implications on the society through an appendix. This ends the story on a speculative note, raising questions about the fate of the totalitarian regime.
"The Handmaid's Tale" by Margaret Atwood

Here, the epilogue takes the form of a fictional academic conference presentation where historians discuss the protagonist's recorded account. This adds another layer to the story, providing historical context and insight into the aftermath of the oppressive regime.
"Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens

The original ending to this novel was revised after much debate, resulting in an epilogue that reunites the protagonist, Pip, and his love interest Estella. This conclusion provides closure for their relationship and their personal growth.
"Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" by J.K. Rowling

The epilogue, titled "Nineteen Years Later," follows the main characters into adulthood and shows a glimpse of their lives after the events of the series, allowing readers to say farewell to the beloved characters while also providing a sense of continuity and hope.
"To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee

In the final pages, Scout, the young narrator, retells the story of Boo Radley and reflects on the meaning of the novel's events. It emphasizes the themes of compassion, empathy, and understanding, and highlights the importance of moral growth.

Short Story

"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" by Ambrose Bierce

The epilogue reveals that the protagonist's supposed escape was merely a vivid hallucination before his execution. This twist serves to highlight the psychological aspects of impending death and the subjective nature of time.
"The Road Not Taken" by Richard Yates

After telling the story of an adulterous affair, the epilogue provides a snapshot of the characters years later, with a focus on their regrets. This brings the themes of responsibility, choices, and the permanence of decisions to the forefront.
"Cathedral" by Raymond Carver

The epilogue conveys the protagonist's realizations and emotional connections with the blind man after their shared experience of drawing a cathedral. The shift in perspective highlights the importance of human connection and understanding.
"The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson

Following the shocking revelation of a brutal community ritual, the epilogue provides a dispassionate analysis of the tradition and the influence of societal norms. This emphasizes the thematic concerns of conformity and the dangers of blindly following tradition.
"The Swimmer" by John Cheever

In the final section, protagonist Ned Merrill's realization of his own aging and isolation is clarified. The epilogue provides a moment of introspection, forcing the reader to reflect on the theme of self-deception and the gradual erosion of self-awareness.


"Romeo and Juliet" by William Shakespeare

The epilogue, delivered by the Prince, comments on the tragic events that have taken place and discusses the reconciliation between the Capulets and Montagues. It further enforces the central theme of the destructive nature of feuds and societal divisions.
"Death of A Salesman" by Arthur Miller

After Willy Loman's funeral, the characters share their thoughts and emotions, which provides closure and an opportunity for reflection on the themes of the American Dream and the perils of self-deception.
"A Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen

The epilogue takes the form of a final confrontation between the protagonists, Nora and Torvald, leading to Nora's decision to leave her husband. It highlights themes of gender roles, autonomy, and personal growth.
"A Raisin in the Sun" by Lorraine Hansberry

The epilogue occurs when the Younger family moves out of their old residence, signifying the beginning of a new journey. This moment serves to emphasize themes of family, racial identity, and the pursuit of dreams.
"Angels in America" by Tony Kushner

The epilogue follows the protagonists in a new era, with a focus on the ongoing challenges faced by the characters as they navigate a post-AIDS world. This serves to reinforce the themes of resilience, hope, and the power of community.

Examples of Epilogue in Pop Culture


"The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King" by Peter Jackson

The third part of the trilogy concludes with an epilogue showing the main characters' fates. The Hobbits return to the Shire, Aragorn becomes king, and Frodo leaves Middle Earth, providing a satisfying end to their epic journey.
"La La Land" by Damien Chazelle

The film uses an epilogue to depict an alternate reality where the lead characters, Mia and Sebastian, end up together, creating a powerful emotional resonance contrasting with the reality of their separate lives.
"American Beauty" by Sam Mendes

An epilogue in this film provides a reflective voice-over by the main character, Lester Burnham, following his death. This gives audiences a deeper understanding of the film's themes of beauty and life's fleeting moments.
"Blade Runner 2049" by Denis Villeneuve

The film features an epilogue that leaves the audience contemplating the nature of humanity and identity, core themes explored throughout the narrative, as a new chapter begins for the characters.
"Interstellar" by Christopher Nolan

The movie's epilogue showcases an elderly Murphy Cooper, successful in saving humanity, and Joseph Cooper's final journey, leaving viewers with a poignant sense of closure and a testament to the power of love and human perseverance.

Television Show

"Friends" by Marta Kauffman and David Crane

The series finale acts as an epilogue, showing where each of the six friends ends up after ten seasons of growth and change, offering closure to their intertwined narratives.
"Breaking Bad" by Vince Gilligan

The final episode, "Felina," serves as an epilogue, providing a conclusive end to Walter White's journey from a high school chemistry teacher to a notorious methamphetamine manufacturer and dealer.
"Game of Thrones" by David Benioff and D.B. Weiss

The series finale acts as an epilogue, showing the fates of the surviving characters and setting up the political future of Westeros, thereby providing a sense of closure after a tumultuous narrative journey.
"The Office" by Greg Daniels

The series finale fast-forwards a year into the future to show where the characters end up, acting as an epilogue that provides both closure and a heartwarming reflection on the show's themes of camaraderie and workplace dynamics.
"Parks and Recreation" by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur

The series finale jumps forward into the future to show where each character ends up, providing a satisfying wrap-up to the characters' arcs and the show's themes of public service and friendship.

Epilogue Techniques

Using Epilogue: When and Why

An epilogue can be a valuable tool to provide closure or add depth to your story. It’s often used to wrap up loose ends, show the characters’ fates, or give readers a glimpse into the future. Use an epilogue when you want to offer your readers a satisfying conclusion or when there’s a need to set up a potential sequel.

How to Create an Engaging and Effective Epilogue

To craft an engaging and effective epilogue, focus on these key aspects:

  • Purpose: Determine the purpose of the epilogue. Is it to provide closure, set up a sequel, or give additional insight into the characters’ lives?
  • Relevance: Ensure the epilogue is relevant to the story. It should tie up loose ends or reveal new details that contribute to the overall narrative.
  • Length: Keep it brief. An epilogue should be concise and to the point, offering necessary information without overstaying its welcome.
  • Tone: Maintain a consistent tone with the rest of your work. An epilogue that differs dramatically in tone can be jarring.

Common Pitfalls and Clichés to Avoid

When writing an epilogue, be mindful of these common pitfalls and clichés:

  • Avoid excessive exposition or summaries of the story.
  • Don’t introduce new characters or plotlines that don’t serve a purpose.
  • Steer clear of overly predictable or clichéd endings.
  • Don’t depend solely on the epilogue to fix unresolved issues in the main story.

Tips for Incorporating Epilogue in Your Own Work

Here are some tips to help incorporate an epilogue in your work effectively:

  • Ensure the epilogue adds value to your story. It should provide something new or offer closure.
  • Be selective with the details you include. Only share information that enhances the reader’s understanding or satisfaction.
  • Use the epilogue to provide a contrasting perspective or new insights that were not evident in the main story.
  • Don’t rush the epilogue. Give it the same attention and care you gave the rest of your work.

How to Choose the Right Variation for Your Story

When deciding on the right variation for your story’s epilogue.

Consider the following factors:

  1. Genre: Different genres may have specific expectations or variations that work best, such as a reflective epilogue in literary fiction or a teaser for an upcoming sequel in a thriller series.
  2. Story structure: Consider how your story is structured and choose an epilogue that complements its pacing and resolution.
  3. Character development: Select a variation that highlights the growth and changes your characters have experienced throughout the story.
  4. Reader satisfaction: Ultimately, choose a variation that will leave your readers feeling satisfied and engaged with your work.

Impact of Epilogue on Literature

Epilogue Intensifies Emotional Resonance

Epilogues can deepen the emotional impact for you as a reader. By providing a glimpse into the character’s lives beyond the main narrative, the epilogue can elicit an emotional response that strengthens the connection you feel with the story and its characters.

Epilogue Molds Readers’ Character Perceptions

As a reader, your perception of a character can be shaped by the epilogue. This portion can provide additional insight into the characterizations, character development, and relationships, influencing how you ultimately view them.

The epilogue allows for growth, redemption, or decay and can sometimes leave you with a different impression than what you had formed during the main narrative.

Epilogue Paves the Way for New Narratives

Epilogues can also set the stage for new narratives. By introducing potential plotlines or conflicts, an epilogue might hint at a sequel or spin-off, sparking your curiosity and interest in the continuation of the story. This technique keeps you engaged and eager for more, even after the original narrative has concluded.

Epilogue Elongates the Narrative Timeline

An effective epilogue can extend the narrative timeline of a story, providing you with a sense of closure or satisfaction. By fast-forwarding to a moment further down the line, authors can give you a feeling of resolution or paint a more complete picture of the story world and its characters.

Epilogue Fortifies Thematic Elements

An epilogue can serve to reinforce and emphasize the central themes explored in the story. By revisiting key motifs or ideas in the epilogue, authors can solidify their thematic message, leaving a lasting impression on you as the reader. This can also lead to a more profound understanding and appreciation for the overall narrative.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is an epilogue different from a conclusion?

While a conclusion is the natural ending of a story, an epilogue goes beyond that to offer a glimpse of the characters’ lives after the events of the main story. It is an optional element, and not all stories have an epilogue.

How long should an epilogue be?

There is no set rule for the length of an epilogue. It depends on the needs of your story and the information you want to convey. However, keep in mind that brevity is key — an epilogue should not detract from the main story by being overly long or drawn out.

Do all readers like epilogues?

Reader preferences vary. Some readers appreciate epilogues for providing closure or extra information, while others feel that they can be unnecessary or even detract from the main ending of the story.


The epilogue serves as a unique storytelling device, extending the narrative beyond its core and providing readers with a sense of closure, additional insights, or anticipation for what may come next. Whether it offers a glimpse into the characters’ futures, underscores the themes of the story, or teases an upcoming sequel, the power of the epilogue lies in its ability to leave a lasting impression.

It’s the final note in the symphony, the echo in a quiet room, the lasting taste of a good book. Understanding its purpose and function enhances our appreciation of literature and enriches our reading experience. Keep an eye out for these often impactful endings as you explore the vast world of literature.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

As you found this post useful...

Share it on social media!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Photo of author
Aerielle Ezra is an enthusiastic student of architecture who has a wide range of interests, including psychology, lifestyle, and relationships. Apart from her studies, she also likes to engage in athletic activities, particularly volleyball. When she is not playing, she spends her free time watching her preferred sitcoms or reading her favorite books, which include fiction, science fiction, fantasy, and horror.