91 Best Idioms for Working Hard

Have you ever tried to “bite off more than you can chew” or felt the weight of “blood, sweat, and tears” in a project?

Idioms for working hard pepper our language, illustrating the universality of toil and determination. These colorful expressions breathe life into the stories of our efforts, connecting cultures, generations, and individual experiences.

Let’s delve into the fascinating world of these idioms and uncover the tales of tenacity they tell.

Time and Dedication

1. Burn the midnight oil

This idiom originates from a time when people used oil lamps to light their work late into the night. “Burning the midnight oil” refers to working or studying late into the night or early morning hours, signifying dedication and perseverance. It underscores the effort someone puts in beyond regular working hours.

2. Hit the ground running

This phrase suggests starting a task or job with great enthusiasm, momentum, and productivity from the onset, without needing a warm-up or adjustment period. It’s often used to describe individuals who dive straight into their work without hesitation. In a broader context, it can also refer to someone who quickly adjusts to new situations or environments.

3. Keep the home fires burning

Originally, this idiom had a literal connotation, referring to maintaining a fire at home while family members were away, especially during wartime. However, its meaning has evolved to signify the continuous effort or dedication required to keep things operating smoothly, especially in one’s absence.

It also implies a sense of warmth, comfort, and stability maintained amidst challenging times.

4. No rest for the wicked

Despite its somewhat ominous tone, this phrase is often used humorously or ironically to mean that one’s work or duties never seem to end. The saying suggests that, whether due to a busy schedule, personal choices, or an inherent nature to stay active, some people always have tasks awaiting them.

It highlights the ceaseless nature of responsibility and commitment.

Effort and Intensity

1. Put your nose to the grindstone

This idiom means to work hard and focus intently on the task at hand. The origin lies in the literal act of leaning forward to sharpen tools on a grindstone, implying dedication and diligence. It emphasizes prolonged effort and undistracted concentration.

2. Sweat blood

To “sweat blood” means to put in extreme effort and hard work, often in stressful or anxious situations. This expression underscores the immense emotional or physical strain faced while trying to achieve something challenging. It paints a vivid picture of unparalleled dedication and intensity.

3. Elbow grease

This is a colloquial term suggesting hard physical labor or effort, especially when it involves manual work. The idiom hints at using one’s physical strength or “putting muscle into it” to get a task done. It’s commonly associated with cleaning or polishing something to make it shine.

4. Put one’s back into it

This phrase implies investing physical strength and maximum effort into an undertaking. Like “elbow grease,” it calls to mind the image of manual labor and using one’s body to accomplish a task. It emphasizes commitment and whole-hearted involvement.

5. Work fingers to the bone

Working one’s “fingers to the bone” signifies extreme dedication, to the point of personal sacrifice. This idiom paints a vivid image of someone working so hard that their fingers become worn or tired, indicating relentless labor.

6. Spit blood

Similar to “sweat blood,” “spit blood” alludes to extreme effort or determination. The phrase emphasizes the depth of passion, fervor, and commitment that someone brings to a task or challenge.

7. Break one’s back

This idiom means to work extremely hard, suggesting one is putting in so much effort it’s as if they are physically straining their back. It denotes immense dedication and the willingness to go to great lengths to achieve a goal.

8. Go all out

Going “all out” means giving maximum effort or trying one’s hardest to achieve something. It emphasizes leaving no stone unturned and sparing no effort to succeed.

9. Put through the wringer

This phrase indicates undergoing a stressful, exhausting, or emotionally draining experience. Like clothes squeezed through a wringer to extract water, someone “put through the wringer” has faced intense pressure or difficulty.

10. Go hell for leather

An idiom suggesting great speed or urgency, often with a sense of reckless abandon. It emphasizes a no-holds-barred approach and a determined dash toward a goal.

11. Buckle down

To “buckle down” means to begin working seriously or with renewed vigor. It implies focusing one’s energies and attention firmly on the task ahead, often after a period of procrastination or distraction.

12. Give it one’s all

This means to fully commit and put every ounce of one’s energy and effort into an endeavor. It emphasizes complete dedication and wholehearted involvement.

13. Dive deep

To “dive deep” means to immerse oneself thoroughly into a subject or task. This idiom suggests a profound exploration or in-depth understanding of a matter, not settling for surface-level insights.

14. Throw oneself into something

This implies fully immersing oneself in an activity or pursuit with enthusiasm and dedication. The phrase paints an image of someone wholeheartedly investing their energy and passion.

15. Slog it out

This idiom means to work persistently and hard, often in the face of difficulties. It implies enduring challenges with grit and determination until the job is done.

16. Run oneself ragged

This phrase describes someone exhausting themselves by trying to do too many things, indicating a level of overextension and ceaseless hustle.

17. Toil away

To “toil away” means to work hard and diligently, often for long hours. The idiom suggests relentless effort, usually on tasks that are strenuous or monotonous.

18. Beaver away

Inspired by the industrious nature of beavers, this idiom means to work very hard and steadily. It portrays an image of tireless effort and consistent dedication.

19. Hustle and bustle

This phrase denotes busy and frenetic activity or commotion. Often used to describe urban life or a hectic environment, it conveys an atmosphere of non-stop movement and hard work.

Perseverance and Resilience

1. Leave no stone unturned

This idiom emphasizes the idea of considering every possible option or making every effort to achieve a goal. It originates from the concept of searching thoroughly, turning over even the smallest stones, to find something hidden. It highlights thoroughness, determination, and a meticulous approach to tasks.

2. Stand one’s ground

This phrase means to maintain one’s position or beliefs in the face of opposition or challenges. It emphasizes resilience, determination, and unwavering commitment. To “stand one’s ground” is to remain steadfast and not be easily swayed.

3. Take the bull by the horns

Taking a direct approach to confronting or handling a difficult or challenging situation is the essence of this idiom. It suggests that, rather than avoiding or skirting around a problem, one should tackle it head-on with confidence and assertiveness.

4. Push the envelope

Derived from aviation terminology, this idiom means to test or exceed the known limits of performance or boundaries. It signifies innovation, risk-taking, and pushing boundaries to achieve exceptional results.

5. Bear down

To “bear down” means to exert great effort or pressure in order to accomplish something. This idiom suggests a focused and intensified effort, especially in challenging situations.

6. Roll up one’s sleeves

This phrase means to prepare for hard work or a challenging task ahead. It paints an image of someone physically pushing up their sleeves to avoid hindrance, indicating readiness and determination to get to work.

7. Knuckle down

To “knuckle down” is to start working seriously and with great focus. The idiom implies putting aside distractions and committing oneself fully to a task.

8. Keep one’s shoulder to the wheel

Drawing from the image of someone pushing a heavy wheel or cart, this idiom means to continue working hard, especially in the face of challenges. It emphasizes sustained effort and perseverance.

9. Bite the dust

While often used to mean “to die” in the context of hard work, this phrase can also indicate failure or facing a setback after putting in a significant effort. The imagery is of someone falling face-first to the ground, underscoring the impact of the challenge.

10. Sink or swim

This idiom highlights the idea of facing a make-or-break situation. It suggests that one must either succeed through their own efforts or fail entirely, akin to the stark options of either swimming to stay afloat or sinking.

11. Hold the line

Originating from military terminology, this phrase means to maintain one’s position or stand firm against pressure or opposition. It emphasizes resilience, persistence, and staying true to one’s commitments.

12. Weather the storm

This idiom means to endure or get through difficult or challenging times. Just as a ship weathers the storm, it suggests perseverance and resilience in the face of adversity.

13. Take it on the chin

This phrase means to accept criticism, setbacks, or hardships gracefully and without complaint. It draws from boxing imagery where a fighter takes a direct hit but remains standing.

14. Work like a Trojan

Rooted in the ancient tales of the hardworking Trojans, this idiom means to work extremely hard and diligently. It paints an image of unyielding effort and determination reminiscent of the legendary Trojan people.

15. Pull out all the stops

This idiom, originally referring to the knobs of an organ being pulled out to maximize its sound, now means to do everything possible to achieve a result. It signifies using all available resources or methods to succeed.

16. Shoot for the stars

To “shoot for the stars” means to aim high and strive for outstanding success. This phrase encourages ambition, aspiration, and setting lofty goals.

17. Move mountains

This phrase signifies achieving seemingly impossible tasks or overcoming immense challenges. It underscores the power of determination, suggesting that with enough effort, one can achieve anything, even feats as unimaginable as moving mountains.

Initiative and Starting

1. Jump through hoops

This idiom paints a vivid picture of someone performing challenging or multiple tasks to achieve a goal or please someone. Originating from the literal act of animals, specially trained dogs, jumping through hoops in circuses, it signifies the willingness to face hurdles and obstacles to satisfy a requirement or expectation.

2. Venture into uncharted waters

This phrase is about bravely stepping into unfamiliar territory or attempting something new or untested. It draws its imagery from maritime exploration, suggesting the risk and courage associated with navigating unknown seas. Emphasizing innovation and courage, it underscores the challenges of exploring new areas or ideas.

3. Throw caution to the wind

When someone decides to act without worrying about the risks or potential consequences, they are said to “throw caution to the wind.” The idiom encapsulates the essence of embracing unpredictability and taking bold steps, even if they may seem reckless.

4. Get one’s hands dirty

This phrase emphasizes the willingness to become fully involved in a task, including the challenging or unpleasant aspects of it. Instead of shying away from hard work, someone willing to “get their hands dirty” is prepared to tackle every facet of a job, demonstrating commitment and authenticity.

5. Swing into action

To “swing into action” means to start working energetically or responding quickly to a situation. This idiom captures the essence of promptness and dynamic responsiveness, showcasing readiness to address a challenge or opportunity with vigor.

6. Take the ball and run with it

When someone seizes an opportunity and takes the initiative, they “take the ball and run with it.” Drawing from the imagery of a sports game, this idiom highlights the idea of grabbing chances when they appear and pushing forward proactively.

7. Put the hammer down

Often associated with pushing down on a vehicle’s accelerator, this idiom implies working faster or pushing harder to get something done. It signifies determination, acceleration, and the intent to complete a task with maximum effort.

8. Go to bat for someone/something

Derived from baseball terminology, this phrase means to support or stand up for someone or something. It captures the essence of advocacy and commitment, suggesting that one is willing to face challenges or risks for another’s benefit.

9. Throw one’s hat in the ring

This idiom means to announce one’s intention to compete or participate, usually in a challenge or election. Originating from boxing, where throwing a hat into the ring once signified a challenge, it now indicates a readiness to undertake a task or responsibility.

10. On one’s toes

Being “on one’s toes” means staying alert and prepared, especially for any unexpected events or challenges. This idiom encapsulates the idea of agility, readiness, and active anticipation of what’s to come.

11. Put boots on the ground

Originating from military jargon, this phrase refers to deploying troops in a combat area. In broader contexts, it means taking direct action or putting tangible efforts into achieving a goal, emphasizing a hands-on and active approach.

12. Hold down the fort

This idiom means to manage affairs or maintain a position during someone’s absence. Drawing from a military context where soldiers keep a fort secure, it captures the essence of responsibility, ensuring that everything operates smoothly in another’s absence.

13. Go against the tide

To “go against the tide” means to act or think differently from prevailing opinions or trends. This idiom underscores bravery and resistance, emphasizing the idea of standing firm in one’s beliefs or actions, even if they oppose popular sentiment.

Challenges and Overcoming

1. Pound the pavement

This idiom originates from the act of walking the streets, often in search of employment. It describes someone who’s actively and persistently putting in the effort, especially in job hunting or seeking opportunities.

The imagery is one of relentless pursuit and dedication, taking to the streets and tirelessly knocking on doors or making efforts to achieve a goal.

2. Against the grain

Doing something “against the grain” means going against the norm, convention, or one’s natural inclinations. The term comes from woodworking, where it’s more challenging to cut against the natural lines in the wood.

In a broader sense, it illustrates the difficulty and extra effort required when one opposes conventional wisdom or chooses a path less taken.

3. Run the gauntlet

This idiom is rooted in a form of military punishment where an individual had to run between two rows of soldiers who struck them as they passed. Today, it represents the act of enduring a series of challenges, criticisms, or difficulties.

It emphasizes persistence and resilience in facing a succession of challenges or obstacles.

4. Cross the Rubicon

Drawing from the historical act of Julius Caesar crossing the Rubicon River, which was a point of no return leading to the Roman Civil War, this idiom signifies making a decision or taking an action with irreversible consequences.

It underscores commitment, bravery, and the acceptance of the resultant challenges of a decisive act.

5. Flogging a dead horse

This idiom means to continue wasting efforts on a cause that is already settled or hopeless. The imagery is graphic, depicting the futility of trying to get a response from a dead horse, no matter how hard it’s flogged.

It serves as a caution against pursuing fruitless endeavors or overexerting oneself in situations where it won’t lead to any beneficial results.

6. Chase one’s tail

Picture a dog endlessly chasing its tail without catching it. This idiom captures the essence of engaging in a futile or repetitive activity that results in little to no progress. It conveys a sense of fruitless exertion and the feeling of being trapped in a loop of unproductive actions.

7. Work the system

This phrase means to manipulate or use the rules and procedures of a system (like bureaucracy) to one’s advantage. While it can sometimes have a negative connotation implying exploitation, it can also represent savvy navigation and a deep understanding of a process to achieve desired outcomes efficiently.

8. Dive deep

To “dive deep” into something means to explore it thoroughly and in detail. Whether it’s a subject, task, or issue, this idiom suggests a profound commitment to understanding its nuances. It represents the drive to go beyond surface-level knowledge, emphasizing thorough research, investigation, or involvement.

Hard Work as a Routine

1. Hard yakka

Originating from Australian slang, “hard yakka” is synonymous with strenuous labor. The term “yakka” is borrowed from the Yagara indigenous language, where it means “work.”

When someone refers to a task as hard yakka, they’re emphasizing its demanding nature and the significant effort required to accomplish it. It’s a testament to the Australian cultural value of recognizing and respecting hard work.

2. On the grind

When someone is “on the grind,” they are fully engrossed in their work or are tirelessly pursuing their goals. The phrase conveys a sense of routine and relentless effort, suggesting that the individual is dedicated to their endeavors, often pushing through monotony or fatigue.

It’s a nod to the daily hustle that many undertake in pursuit of success.

3. Grunt work

This idiom refers to the basic, laborious, or menial tasks that might not be glamorous but are essential for the completion of a project. Grunt work is often foundational, requiring more brawn than brains, and while it might not be recognized or celebrated, it’s vital for overall success.

The term underscores the unglamorous but necessary aspects of any endeavor.

4. Work like a dog

This phrase is a tribute to the relentless nature of a working dog, suggesting that someone is working extremely hard, often with long hours and great effort. It paints a picture of unwavering dedication and tirelessness.

While the idiom might hint at overexertion, it undoubtedly acknowledges the commendable effort put into a task.

5. Double down

Originating from the world of gambling, particularly blackjack, “double down” means to double one’s bet. In a broader sense, it’s used to signify that someone is intensifying their efforts or commitment, even in the face of adversity or skepticism.

It’s a declaration of determination, suggesting that one is becoming even more resolute or focused on one’s course of action.

6. All hands on deck

Stemming from a naval command, this idiom was traditionally used to signal that every crew member was needed on deck during a time of crisis. In more general terms, it indicates that everyone’s effort or attention is required, typically because of a pressing challenge or significant task at hand.

It emphasizes teamwork, urgency, and collective responsibility.

Dedication to Quality

1. Climb the ladder

This idiom is symbolic of ascending in one’s career or social status. “Climbing the ladder” emphasizes the idea of progression, where each rung represents a step towards greater success, responsibility, or recognition.

It’s not just about ambition; it underscores the hard work, dedication, and perseverance required to achieve higher positions or statuses over time.

2. Break new ground

To “break new ground” means to do something innovative or to venture into previously unexplored territory. It’s about pioneering new methods, ideas, or areas of knowledge. This idiom celebrates innovation, heralding the effort and courage it takes to introduce novel concepts or challenge established norms.

3. Work wonders

This phrase is used to describe someone or something that achieves incredible results or performs exceptionally well. If a method or person “works wonders,” they exceed expectations, turning challenging situations into success stories.

It speaks to the transformative power of hard work, expertise, or a particular approach.

4. Tighten the screws

This idiom implies increasing pressure or making a situation more challenging, often to prompt someone to act or to improve performance. Just as tightening screws in a physical sense secures things more firmly, metaphorically, it means ramping up demands or standards, ensuring things are done correctly and efficiently.

5. Break the mold

To “break the mold” is to challenge or break free from established conventions or patterns. It’s about being unique or revolutionary, suggesting that after something or someone has “broken the mold,” things won’t or can’t be the same again.

This idiom lauds individuals or actions that stand out from the crowd due to their distinctive nature.

6. Carve out a niche

This phrase describes the act of establishing a specialized role or position for oneself, often within a broader field or market. It signifies identifying and excelling in a particular area, ensuring that one’s skills or offerings are unique and valued.

The idiom suggests focused effort and dedication to master a specific segment or domain.

7. Raise the bar

“Raising the bar” means to set higher standards or expectations. Whether in terms of quality, performance, or ethics, it’s about pushing oneself or others to achieve more. The idiom underscores the importance of continuous improvement and the drive to excel beyond previous benchmarks.

8. Not cut any corners

This idiom cautions against taking shortcuts or looking for the easiest way out. Instead, it emphasizes the importance of doing things thoroughly and correctly, even if it requires more time or effort. It’s a call for integrity, quality, and diligence, valuing the process as much as the end result.

9. Earn one’s keep

To “earn one’s keep” is to work sufficiently to justify one’s existence or position, often in terms of covering living expenses or contributing to a group. It’s a nod to self-sufficiency and responsibility, emphasizing that one should pull one’s weight and not rely solely on the efforts of others.

Working Independently

1. Paddle one’s own canoe

This idiom speaks to self-reliance and independence. When someone decides to “paddle their own canoe,” they’re taking control of their own destiny, making their own decisions, and relying on their own resources.

It emphasizes the spirit of autonomy and the drive to navigate one’s own journey, even when faced with challenges that might be easier to navigate with the help of others.

2. Put the pedal to the metal

Originating from the world of driving, this phrase means to accelerate and go as fast as possible. Metaphorically, it’s about giving maximum effort and pushing to achieve something rapidly. It embodies the spirit of urgency, speed, and unwavering commitment to reaching a goal without hesitation.

3. Go hell for leather

This idiom signifies moving at full speed or with great urgency. Originally, “hell for leather” was associated with riding horses and referred to riding them fast and hard.

In a broader context, it encapsulates the idea of going all out, showcasing an unwavering commitment to achieving a particular goal or escaping a challenging situation.

4. Walk the extra mile

A variant of “go the extra mile,” this idiom emphasizes the idea of doing more than what’s required or expected. It represents dedication, commitment, and a willingness to put in additional effort to ensure success or satisfaction.

Whether in personal relationships or professional endeavors, it’s about exceeding standards and showcasing unparalleled dedication.

5. Wear multiple hats

This phrase paints a picture of one person taking on multiple roles or responsibilities. In a work environment, someone who “wears multiple hats” might be juggling a variety of tasks, showcasing versatility and adaptability.

It highlights the ability to switch between different tasks efficiently, signifying multitasking and a broad skill set.

6. Pull a rabbit out of the hat

Stemming from the world of magic, where a magician pulls an unexpected rabbit from an apparently empty hat, this idiom is about producing a surprising solution or result, especially in challenging situations. It represents resourcefulness, ingenuity, and the ability to astonish others with unexpected success or solutions.

7. Drive a hard bargain

When someone “drives a hard bargain,” they negotiate fiercely and effectively to get the best possible deal for themselves. The phrase encapsulates the art of negotiation, suggesting that the person is not easily swayed and always aims to secure favorable terms.

It’s about determination, shrewdness, and the perseverance to ensure one’s interests are well protected.

Achieving Results or Goals

1. Cross the Rubicon

This idiom draws its roots from ancient history when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, signaling a point of no return that led to the Roman Civil War. Today, “crossing the Rubicon” means making a decision or taking action with significant and irreversible consequences.

It’s about commitment and the audacity to venture into uncharted territories, understanding that there’s no turning back and one must face the results of their choices.

2. Turn over a new leaf

Evoking the imagery of flipping to a fresh page in a book, this phrase means making a significant change in one’s life, usually for the better. It represents personal growth, transformation, and the dedication to improve oneself or one’s situation.

It’s a declaration of a new start, emphasizing the conscious effort required to abandon old habits and adopt new, beneficial ones.

3. Bite off more than one can chew

This colorful idiom paints a picture of someone attempting to eat something too large for their mouth. Metaphorically, it signifies taking on a task or responsibility that is too great or overwhelming. It’s a cautionary phrase that highlights the pitfalls of overcommitment or underestimating the complexity of a challenge.

4. Keep one’s eye on the ball

Originating from ball games where players need to maintain focus on the ball to play effectively, this idiom has been widely adopted to mean staying focused on the task at hand or one’s goals. It underscores the importance of concentration, diligence, and not allowing distractions to deter one from their objectives.

5. Knock on doors

This phrase often relates to seeking opportunities or trying different avenues until a goal is achieved. Just as one might literally knock on many doors to find someone or something, metaphorically, it’s about persistence, dedication, and not being discouraged by initial failures or rejections.

6. Stake a claim

Historically associated with claiming land or property, this idiom now represents asserting one’s right to something or marking out one’s territory. It’s about taking ownership, showing determination, and ensuring that others recognize your authority or rights over a particular domain or idea.

7. Blood, sweat, and tears

This idiom emphasizes the immense effort, sacrifice, and struggle someone has put into a task or endeavor. Each element of the trio — blood, sweat, and tears — denotes various degrees of physical and emotional labor. It’s a testament to enduring hardships and relentless perseverance in the face of challenges.

8. In the thick of it

To be “in the thick of it” means to be deeply involved or engrossed in a situation, often one that’s challenging or chaotic. It signifies immersion and being at the very center of events, where the action or intensity is highest.

The phrase captures the essence of commitment, especially during demanding situations that require one’s full attention and effort.

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Aerielle Ezra is an enthusiastic student of architecture who has a wide range of interests, including psychology, lifestyle, and relationships. Apart from her studies, she also likes to engage in athletic activities, particularly volleyball. When she is not playing, she spends her free time watching her preferred sitcoms or reading her favorite books, which include fiction, science fiction, fantasy, and horror.