What Is an Introduction? Definition & 25+ Examples

Have you ever judged a book by its first few lines? If you have, you’re not alone. We all do it. After all, first impressions matter, and in the world of writing, the introduction is the handshake, the eye contact, and the irresistible aroma from a café that draws you in. It’s a crucial make-or-break moment, where writers have mere seconds to captivate their readers, creating a thirst for more.

So, let’s embark on a journey into the realm of “introductions,” where words waltz together to greet, allure, and set the stage for the grand narrative that’s about to unfold.

Table of Contents

What Is an Introduction?

An introduction is the initial section of a piece of writing, speech, or presentation wherein the author presents the topic and purpose of the material. It serves as a gateway for the reader or listener to familiarize themselves with the subject matter and acts as a foundation for the subsequent content.

In an introduction, the author typically provides a brief overview of the topic, giving context to the reader before diving into the specifics. For example, the introduction for an article about a scientific study might discuss the general theme of the study, the research questions addressed, and any background information pertinent to understanding the research.

The purpose of an introduction is multifaceted. It is primarily used to engage and inform the reader about the topic, setting a clear expectation of what will be discussed throughout the piece. Additionally, it provides a roadmap for the structure of the text, indicating the flow and order of the material. This helps the reader to navigate and comprehend the content with ease.

History of Introduction

The concept of an introduction has been in existence for centuries, dating back to the early oral tradition of storytelling. Introductions in ancient times were used to set the scene, provide context, and captivate the audience’s attention. They played a vital role in preparing listeners for the unfolding events in the story.

In written literature, the introduction became increasingly important as writers sought to connect with readers and provide a sense of familiarity with the subject matter. Throughout history, intros have varied in style and length, reflecting the evolution of literary practices and audience preferences.

During the Middle Ages, introductions in manuscripts often acted as a preface and featured ornate designs, illuminations, and decorative borders. These served to capture the reader’s interest and emphasize the importance of the content.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, introductions became more formal, with authors offering background information, discussing the work’s significance, and outlining their objectives. This period was marked by a shift towards a more organized approach to writing, with introductions playing a crucial role in the overall structure of the text.

In the 20th century, as various forms of media emerged, the introduction took on new forms and purposes, adapting to cater to the growing need for concise, engaging content. Newspapers, for example, perfected the art of the concise and attention-grabbing “lead” – an opening statement that entices readers to read further.

Today, introductions are an essential component in a wide range of formats, including academic papers, blog posts, novels, speeches, and more. The primary function remains the same: to provide context, engage the reader, and set the stage for what is to come.

Functions of Introduction

Introduction Captures the Reader’s Interest

An introduction serves several key purposes in any form of writing. Firstly, it captures the reader’s interest by presenting a hook, an attention-grabbing statement, a question, or an anecdote. This arouses curiosity and encourages the reader to continue exploring the content.

Introduction Provides Background Information About the Topic

This creates a context for the reader, helping them to understand the relevance of the subject matter and its significance. Relevant facts, statistics, or historical events may be presented to establish this context.

Introduction Defines the Scope of The Discussion

Additionally, a well-structured introduction defines the scope of the discussion. It sets boundaries by specifying the aspects of the topic that will be covered, thereby ensuring that the reader has a clear understanding of what to expect.

Introduction Introduces Key Terms and Concepts Related to The Topic

This helps the reader comprehend the material by establishing a shared vocabulary, particularly when the subject matter involves complex or specialized terminology.

Introduction Outlines the Structure of The Content

In many cases, an introduction outlines the structure of the content that follows. By previewing the organization of the material, the reader gains a roadmap that allows for easier navigation, comprehension, and retention of information.

Introduction States the Main Argument or Purpose of The Writing

Finally, an effective introduction states the main argument or purpose of the writing. This is often presented in the form of a thesis statement, allowing the reader to grasp the overall intent of the content and serving as a foundation for the discussion to follow.

Elements of Introduction


A hook is an opening sentence or question that grabs the reader’s attention. It can take various forms, such as a quote, a question, or a surprising fact. The main purpose of the hook is to pique the reader’s curiosity and make them want to read more.

Background Information

Background information provides context to the reader, allowing them to understand the topic being discussed. It can include previous research, historical events, or general knowledge related to the subject. This information should be informative, objective, and concise.

Introduction to the Topic

Introducing the topic involves presenting the specific subject matter and outlining the main aspects that will be covered in the article. This section should give the reader a clear understanding of what they can expect from the rest of the text.

Thesis Statement

The thesis statement is a concise, one-sentence statement that summarizes the main argument or point of view of the article. It should be clear, specific, and thought-provoking to engage the reader and set the stage for the rest of the content.


The purpose of the introduction is to inform the reader of the overall goal of the article. This could be to provide new insights, challenge existing beliefs, or educate on a particular topic. The purpose should be outlined in a straightforward and concise manner.


The roadmap is a brief overview of the main points that will be discussed throughout the article. It essentially serves as a guide, allowing readers to follow the writer’s thought process and understand the structure and organization of the content.


The tone of the introduction sets the mood for the entire article. It should be confident, knowledgeable, neutral, and clear, reflecting the intended point of view. The tone should remain consistent throughout the text to ensure reader engagement and comprehension.

Connection with The Audience

Establishing a connection with the audience is crucial in making the content relatable and appealing. The introduction should be written in a way that resonates with the target audience and demonstrates an understanding of their needs, interests, and concerns. This connection fosters trust and credibility, encouraging the reader to continue engaging with the content.

Parts of Introduction


The opening of an introduction is essential in capturing the reader’s attention. It can start with a quote, anecdote, question, or surprising fact. This part should be crafted carefully to engage the reader and encourage them to continue reading.

Statement of Topic

After the initial hook, the introduction should clarify the topic being discussed. This section aims to present the subject matter in a clear and concise manner. It provides a brief overview of the focus, giving readers an idea of what to expect in the article.

Thesis (Opinion or Stance)

The thesis statement, placed near the end of the introduction, is arguably the most critical part. It presents the author’s opinion, stance, or argument regarding the topic. The thesis statement should be clear, concise, and specific, informing the reader of the author’s viewpoint.

Context or Purpose

Following the thesis statement, the introduction should briefly outline the context or purpose of the article. This section helps readers understand the relevance and importance of the topic being discussed. It may include background information, historical context, or the rationale behind the author’s perspective.

Identification of Main Points

To wrap up the introduction, it is necessary to identify the main points to be covered in the article. This section acts as a roadmap for the reader, outlining the primary ideas and arguments to be presented in the body of the article. This not only helps readers prepare for what is to come but also serves as a guide for the author in organizing their thoughts and presenting a well-structured article.

Types of Introduction

Anecdotal Introduction

An anecdotal introduction uses a brief, engaging story to capture the reader’s interest. This type of introduction often showcases a personal experience or provides an example that illustrates the topic. Anecdotal introductions are useful when trying to make a topic relatable or to create an emotional connection with the reader.

Statistical Introduction

A statistical introduction presents numerical data, facts, or statistics relevant to the topic. This type of introduction can be effective in establishing the importance or gravity of the subject. It appeals to a reader’s rational side and can provide a solid foundation for the subsequent discussion.

Question Introduction

A question introduction presents a thought-provoking question that prompts the reader to consider the issue being addressed. This type of introduction engages the reader by inviting them to think critically and explore the topic alongside the author.

Quotation Introduction

A quotation introduction begins with a well-chosen quote from a noted individual or source relevant to the topic. This can provide credibility and grab the reader’s attention. It’s important to select a quote that sets the tone and supports the main argument or theme of the article.

Historical Review Introduction

A historical review introduction provides a concise overview of the historical context or background of the topic. This type of introduction gives the reader a sense of how the subject has evolved or how previous events have led to the current situation.

General to Specific Introduction

A general to specific introduction starts with a broad statement about the subject and then narrows down to the specific issue being discussed. This approach can be effective when the topic is complex, as it helps to provide the reader with a clear understanding of the overall context before delving into the specific details.

Narrative Introduction

A narrative introduction uses storytelling techniques to introduce the topic. This can involve a brief recounting of a relevant event or the telling of a personal story. Narrative introductions are useful when the aim is to engage the reader emotionally or when trying to convey a complex idea in a more accessible way.

Descriptive Introduction

A descriptive introduction paints a vivid picture of the topic using sensory details, figurative language, or vivid descriptions. It can be effective when trying to convey an atmosphere or emotion related to the topic, or when attempting to draw the reader into a discussion by utilizing their imagination.

Examples of Introduction in Literature


"Self-Reliance" by Ralph Waldo Emerson 

In this essay, Emerson begins by asserting the importance of individuality. He writes, "Ne te quaesiveris extra," meaning "Do not seek yourself outside yourself." This introductory line sets the tone for the essay and emphasizes the value of self-reliance.
"A Room of One's Own" by Virginia Woolf 

Woolf opens her essay with a scene of a fictional character named Mary Beton, who is visiting a university library. She uses this setting to discuss the lack of opportunities and support for women in education and the arts, immediately engaging readers by establishing the essay's theme.
"Politics and the English Language" by George Orwell 

Orwell commences by stating, "Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way." This provocative introduction captures the reader's attention and sets the stage for Orwell's critique of how the deterioration of language is connected to politics.


"I Have a Dream" by Martin Luther King Jr. 

King begins with the famous line, "I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation." This powerful introduction immediately communicates the importance and gravity of the event and Dr. King's message.
"Gettysburg Address" by Abraham Lincoln 

Lincoln starts his speech by saying, "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." This historical reference serves as an effective introduction to the speech's themes of freedom and equality.
"We Shall Fight on the Beaches" by Winston Churchill 

Churchill commences by asserting, "We shall go on to the end." This declaration of resilience and determination sets the stage for the rest of the speech, in which he details Britain's unwavering resolve to fight against the Nazis during World War II.

Short Story

"The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin 

Chopin begins with, "Knowing that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble, great care was taken to break to her as gently as possible the news of her husband's death." The introduction instantly grabs the reader's attention and introduces the main conflict of the story.
"The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson 

In the opening, the readers are introduced to a seemingly ordinary small town with "the fresh warmth of a full-summer day," yet they are soon surprised by the harrowing events that unfold. Jackson's introduction successfully establishes a seemingly innocuous environment to create a stark contrast with the ensuing story.
"A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O'Connor 

O'Connor starts by introducing us to a grandmother trying to convince her displeased family to reroute their trip because of a wanted criminal, the Misfit. This introduction provides readers with both humor and foreshadowing to the story's suspenseful events.


"Hamlet" by William Shakespeare 

The play begins with an eerie atmosphere as guards witness the ghost of Hamlet's father on the battlements of Elsinore Castle. This introduction creates a sense of unease and anticipates the themes of revenge and corruption that follow throughout the play.
"Death of a Salesman" by Arthur Miller 

Miller establishes a somber tone by opening the play with the exhausted, defeated Willy Loman returning home from an unsuccessful business trip. The introduction foreshadows the play's exploration of the flawed American Dream.
"A Streetcar Named Desire" by Tennessee Williams 

Williams begins the play with Blanche DuBois's arrival in New Orleans looking for her sister, Stella, amid the city's sultry and chaotic atmosphere. Her presence and demeanor instantly establish her as an outsider in this unfamiliar environment, setting the stage for the play's tension.


"Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold 

The poem opens with a beautiful description of the setting: 

"The sea is calm tonight. 
The tide is full, the moon lies fair 
Upon the straits; on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone..." 

This introduction immerses the reader in the scene before exploring themes of love, loss, and faith.
"The Waste Land" by T.S. Eliot 

Eliot begins his iconic poem with the line, "April is the cruellest month," which instantly engages readers by subverting conventional expectations about spring and introduces the poem's overall themes of disillusionment and despair.
"Still I Rise" by Maya Angelou 

Angelou opens her poem with a powerful question: 

"You may write me down in history 
With your bitter, twisted lies, 
You may trod me in the very dirt 
But still, like dust, I'll rise." 

This introduction immediately establishes the poem's theme of resilience and strength in the face of adversity.

Examples of Introduction in Pop Culture

Autobiographies or Biographies

"The Autobiography of Malcolm X" by Malcolm X and Alex Haley 

In this autobiography, the introduction of the book effectively sets the tone by revealing the journey it took for Malcolm X to become the iconic civil rights leader he is still known as today. The authors outline the struggles in his life, giving readers a clear understanding of the influence and significance of his experiences.
"Steve Jobs" by Walter Isaacson 

This biography begins with a vivid portrayal of Steve Jobs' humble beginnings, painting a picture of his childhood and the impactful moments that led to his eventual success in the world of technology. By highlighting his personal life, the introduction engages readers and sets the stage for understanding his impact on the tech industry.
"Becoming" by Michelle Obama 

The introduction to Michelle Obama's autobiography powerfully establishes her identity, sharing her background and upbringing in the South Side of Chicago. In her own words, she recounts her journey from a working-class family to becoming the First Lady of the United States, immediately capturing the reader's interest.

Television Show

"Breaking Bad" created by Vince Gilligan

The opening scene of this critically acclaimed TV show features the main character, Walter White, frantically driving an RV in his underwear while a gas mask-donning Jesse Pinkman navigates. The chaotic introduction quickly hooks viewers and sets the stage for the show's suspenseful and dark atmosphere.
"Stranger Things" created by the Duffer Brothers: Matt and Ross Duffer

The pilot episode of Stranger Things begins with four young friends playing Dungeons and Dragons in a basement. Suddenly, the lights flicker, and the scene shifts to a secret government laboratory where a terrifying creature escapes. This thrilling and mysterious introduction perfectly sets the tone for the supernatural events to unfold throughout the series.
"Game of Thrones" created by David Benioff and D.B. Weiss

This fantasy-drama TV series starts its pilot episode with the haunting scene of rangers encountering supernatural creatures beyond the protective wall. The panic and eerie atmosphere in the introduction immediately give viewers a glimpse into the world of Westeros and its various dangers.


"The Dark Knight" directed by Christopher Nolan

In this iconic superhero film, the movie begins with a thrilling bank robbery orchestrated by the Joker. The tension-filled scene not only introduces the villain but also sets the stage for the chaos and challenges Batman will face throughout the movie.
"The Godfather" directed by Francis Ford Coppola

The Godfather's opening scene takes place at a wedding, with the powerful mob boss Don Corleone listening to a guest's request for a favor. The introduction effectively establishes the world of crime and family loyalty that will dominate the film’s narrative.
"Pulp Fiction" created by Quentin Tarantino 

Pulp Fiction starts with a casual conversation between two criminals in a diner, discussing their plans to rob the place. Their dialogue is engaging, and the sudden shift to the movie's title sequence leaves viewers intrigued by the story that's about to unravel.


"Serial" co-created by Sarah Koenig and Julie Snyder

In the first episode of this true-crime podcast, host Sarah Koenig introduces the story of Adnan Syed, a man convicted of murdering his ex-girlfriend, Hae Min Lee. The introduction outlines the case and raises questions about its findings, immediately immersing listeners into a web of mystery and investigation.
"StartUp" created by Alex Blumberg and Matthew Lieber

The podcast's host, Alex Blumberg, sets the stage in the first episode by explaining that he's attempting to start a podcasting company and has no idea how to do it. As he documents his own journey, listeners experience the struggles and successes of starting a business alongside him.
"The Daily" Produced by The New York Times and hosted by Michael Barbaro

The Daily's introduction summarizes the day's most important news topics, providing listeners with a brief and digestible overview of current events. Each episode's beginning effectively sets the stage for the in-depth analyses and interviews that follow.

How to Write an Introduction

An effective introduction sets the stage for the entire article or essay. It grabs the reader’s attention, presents the topic, and provides context for the content that follows.

Here are a few tips to help craft a strong introduction:

  1. Begin with a Hook: Start the introduction with a sentence or question that captures the reader’s attention and intrigues them. This could be a surprising fact, a bold statement, or an anecdote.
  2. Introduce the Topic: Clearly state the subject of the article or essay. Make sure that the reader understands what the piece is about from the start.
  3. Provide Context: Offer background information or context that will help the reader understand the article’s purpose and perspective. This could include historical events, key terms, or relevant statistics.
  4. State the Thesis: In an essay, the introduction should present the main argument or perspective that the author will discuss. This is typically written as a single, clear sentence known as the thesis statement.
  5. Outline the Structure: Briefly explain how the article or essay is organized. This helps the reader know what to expect and how to follow the writer’s reasoning or narrative.

Remember to keep the introduction concise and engaging while providing the necessary information to set the stage for the rest of the piece. With practice, writing an effective introduction becomes an achievable skill that contributes to a strong article or essay.

Impact of Introduction on Literature

Introductions have played a significant role in shaping literature throughout history. They can radically impact the reader’s experience as they establish the setting, characters, and tone of the work. Introductions also serve as a gateway, beckoning the reader to become immersed in the world that the writer has created.

Introduction Has the Ability to Captivate the Reader’s Attention

One of the most crucial aspects of an introduction is its ability to captivate the reader’s attention. For example, powerful opening lines like Jane Austen’s “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife” illustrate how an effective introduction can immediately draw the reader in.

Furthermore, introductions can set a narrative’s pacing, either through the use of descriptive language or by establishing a sense of urgency.

Introductions Are Responsible for Providing Essential Information

In addition to engaging the reader, introductions are responsible for providing essential information. This can include the introduction of characters, like Mr. and Mrs. Darcy in “Pride and Prejudice,” or setting the stage for a particular time period, as demonstrated in Dickens’s “A Tale of Two Cities.”

Moreover, the initial paragraphs may offer insights into the themes and motifs that will be explored throughout the work, such as the struggle between good and evil in “The Lord of the Rings.”

Introduction Contributes to The Establishment of The Author’s Distinct Voice

Introductions in literature also contribute to the establishment of the author’s distinct voice. For instance, Mark Twain’s captivating opening in “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” showcases his unique style and humor. These elements help create a connection between the author and reader and serve as a foundation for the narrative’s tone.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long should an introduction be?

The length of an introduction can vary depending on the length and type of the piece. For a standard essay, a few paragraphs are typically enough. For a longer piece like a thesis or a book, the introduction might be several pages long.

Can the introduction be revised after writing the body and conclusion?

Absolutely, and in fact, many writers find it helpful to write a preliminary introduction, then go back and revise it after they’ve finished the rest of the piece. This allows you to make sure the introduction effectively sets up what follows.

Is the introduction always the first part to be written?

Not necessarily. While some people prefer to write the introduction first, others may find it easier to write the body of their piece before crafting the introduction. It’s a matter of personal preference and what works best for your writing process.


The art of crafting an engaging introduction is crucial in any form of writing. The introduction is your first chance to pique your reader’s interest, establish a connection, and set the stage for the ideas you will explore. Whether you start with a compelling hook, a provoking question, or an exciting anecdote, remember to be authentic, concise, and relevant to your topic.

Crafting an engaging introduction may be a challenging endeavor, but the rewards of capturing your reader’s attention and setting a solid foundation for your piece are immense. As we’ve discovered, a well-written introduction can truly make or break your work. So next time you start writing, give your introduction the time and attention it deserves. After all, beginnings matter.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

As you found this post useful...

Share it on social media!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Photo of author
Aerielle Ezra is an enthusiastic student of architecture who has a wide range of interests, including psychology, lifestyle, and relationships. Apart from her studies, she also likes to engage in athletic activities, particularly volleyball. When she is not playing, she spends her free time watching her preferred sitcoms or reading her favorite books, which include fiction, science fiction, fantasy, and horror.